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Integrated Emergency Management

Integrated emergency management presupposes assessing a variety of risks and threats as well as preventing their occurrence through their elimination or isolation. In regards to the readiness for emergency management, adequate preparation is needed. These developments cover planning, training, exercising, and informing the appropriate respondents. The respondent engages through the necessary co-ordination to obtain a gradual return to normativity. In respect to emergency management, the audit process entails objective assurance and consultation of activities aimed to add value to emergency management. Therefore, the validation and verification process involves confirming the validity of contingency planning activities, verifying, and designing them to increase the value of emergency management.

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Military Emergency Planning

Military emergency planning involves the creation of systems such as the Integrated Emergency Management System (IEMS). These systems are used by the army to prevent and recover threats and emergencies. The process of validation and auditing is significant to the military contingency planning as it keeps the emergency management informed about the progress towards IEM developments and implementation (Payton, 2015). This evaluation gives guidelines on how to adjust the plan. Besides providing support to the management during recovery operations, auditing also assists the planning by identifying associate lessons and recovery operations, hence giving a draft of what the plan should look like (Payton, 2015). Therefore, auditing and evaluation ease the management and planning of emergencies.

Types of Training, Exercising Validation Methods Available to IEM/BCM Planners

Some of the multi-event trainings and exercises that are recommendable for the army include the active training method, table top, and discussion-based training programs. Thus, a discussion-based program is based on an underlying scheme. It is mostly used for the development and facilitation of awareness regarding the plan by means of discussions. According to this technique, the responders are invited to test the applicability of a program as the scenario opens. This type of training is helpful for validation means, particularly for the exploration of weakness and limitations of procedures. However, it requires the military emergency board to prepare carefully and adequately. On the other hand, the vital exercise programs take place as a real plan implementation rehearsals. Such practices are applied when logistics are tested and they are useful for finding communication and physical capabilities of a program. The most advantage part of this training is that they make training events excellent for exercise. In fact, the primary aim of this activity is to provide an essential training exercise or a drill practice (Hovatter, 2015). However, setting live training is expensive, as they demand extensive preparations.

Program Validation for the Military

Among these emergency training programs, I would specifically recommend live exercises. As validated earlier, this training program makes training much livelier and better. Unlike other emergency agencies, like the Red Cross, the military should be well equipped, especially when it comes to real field experiences. This training program suits the military because it majors mainly on confidence and skills development in person. Expertise and self-trust are the most important elements in the military. With these skills, military emergency personnel can confidently approach and recover any form of a disaster at any time and without any fear. This condition boosts the speed of saving lives and properties when an emergency occurs. However, the program is expensive, but it is the most effective one as compared to any other training program. It provides essential training secrecies that build the potential of the military with respect to emergency issues.

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Organization of the Live Exercise Training Program

Organization of training, exercising, and validating programs can be carried out through several steps. As the Emergency Planning Officer for the military, I would organize real-life training beginning with entering the period or year when this training is planned to take place. For instance, if it were scheduled for the year 2015 through 2013 and the current training were to be conducted in 2013, the year could be entered as “2015 (year one)” (Da Dalt et al., 2015). I would then proceed to enter jurisdictions such as the location, agency, and facilities of all participants on the left part of the schedule. The schedule is then divided into smaller durations such as quarters and months. For each jurisdiction, an appropriate quarter and month of training is entered. Notably, if the exact date is known, it is concluded with the appropriate month or year. After that, cells are written and shades are made based on the priority of each exercise training. These indications help the participants to understand the types of exercise or training course conducted and show their goals (Da Dalt et al., 2015). While organizing live exercise training program according to these steps, I would also involve other external agencies such as the local emergency and support agencies, the Emirate Emergency and Support agencies, the Federal Emergency services, and other international emergency response, aid and support institutions and related companies.

Local Emergency and Support Agencies/Service

Warnings are always provided by local emergency and support agencies regarding some types of natural emergencies that usually occur at the local levels of a state such as rising floods or approaching hurricanes. Citizens from the areas that are likely to be affected and respective local governments and voluntary emergency agencies are always the first groups of people to cope with the damage. Specifically, the local government has the responsibility of maintaining the management of assets used in responding and recovering disasters at the local levels (Henderson & Bromberg, 2016). Therefore, they must prepare and plan adequately for this role. Significantly, they are supported by the state and federal governments. Responses of local agencies include acting as the primary respondent to the emergency as the emergency operation center and coordinating the response with private and public agencies (Henderson & Bromberg, 2016). It may be of help for the military institution at the local level to notify the emergency management of the state and request assistant that would back-up the military’s efforts in recovery. Thus, local agencies offer emergency services at the local levels of the state.

Emirate Emergency and Support Agencies

Emirates emergency and support service is a unified venture organization. The agencies put in place the governance structure of provision of fire-fighting services to the United Arabs Emirate Armed Forces. The services of the urgency are geared towards all aspects of fire-fighting and rescue exercises. They also deal with the management of personnel, the building of inspections, certification of fire, and planning (Hashim, 2011). Furthermore, they develop fire stations within the UAE and deal with the procurement of fire equipment and vehicles (Hashim, 2011). Evidently, this agency can be a significant source of reinforcement for the military.

Federal Emergency Services

In the United States, Federal Emergency services are provided by federal emergency agencies (FEMA) (Johnson, 2016). FEMA is a compelling urgency of the U.S Department of Homeland Security. The primary function of the organization is the coordination of emergency responses that occurs in the USA and that are too destructive to be controlled by the local and state authorities. When such disasters take place in a state, the state’s governor declares a state of emergency and requests assistance from the president of FEMA. It also provides significant support efforts to the discovery of disaster on the ground. It provides both the state and the military with appropriate specialists. Additionally, it funds the rebuilding and relief for infrastructure (Johnson, 2016). Therefore, the federal emergency service is a vital emergency control organization in the state.

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International Emergency Response, Aid and Support Agencies, and Organizations

Emergencies occur anywhere on the planet. Apparently, some nations lack adequate equipment and military potentiality to restore disasters effectively. The complexity of disaster management has led to the formation of international emergency response and aid support agencies. These entities are well equipped and ready to provide responses and subsidies to people affected by any manner of disaster (Brooks, Bodeau, & Fedorowicz, 2013). Some of the international institutions that could reinforce the military during emergencies are the United Nations and its organizations, Healthcare in Danger Projects, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and so on (Brooks, Bodeau, & Fedorowicz, 2013). They offer emergency services across the globe.


This paper discusses validation and auditing evaluation on the example of military emergency planning. Evidently, this process helps the military in some ways as far as contingency planning is concerned. Notably, it provides support to the management during recovery operations among other benefits highlighted above. Types of training and exercise methods that can be applied by the military include the live exercise technique, the tabletop, and the discussion-based programs. Among these exercises, live use is the most recommendable one because it provides necessary training mechanisms that build the potential of the military by enhancing their confidence and real-life emergency recovery skills. It also has other advantages, as discussed in the paper. While deploying this mechanism through several steps, the military can also seek assistance from other local and international agencies. Such agencies include the local emergency and support agencies, the Emirate Emergency and Support agencies, the Federal Emergency services, and other international emergency response such as the United Nations and its organizations among others.

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