The study is based on the feasibility and importance of career planning. The issue of career planning is relevant today because the job occupies a significant place in human life. Thus, the ability to plan career development contributes to many professional purposes. The work consists of a brief overview of the concept and the nature of career planning, review of commonly used methods of planning, as well as factors that should be considered in the process. In addition, a number of different opinions regarding the problem were considered with the aim of making a comprehensive review. As a result, the concept of career planning is an appropriate measure for the organization of professional development with an individual approach to its use.
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The Career Planning
The issue of choosing a future career and its planning is an important element in the professional formation of every person. Career is a way to meet many human needs, not only material, but also moral, such as the achievement and self-realization. Career planning is a way to organize the process of achieving the work objectives and needs. The current economic environment requires a person to have discipline and clarity of the goals in the framework of his professional activity. The presence of the guidelines and directions for the professional development are the essential ingredients for a successful career. The indecision, excessive fluctuations during the decision-making, uncertainty and disorientation can cause the stagnation in a career, as the aforementioned factors have the destructive nature. Career planning is an important exercise, which deserves a special attention of individuals, who aspire to achieve success, regardless of the sphere of activity.
Definition and Nature of the Career Planning
Career planning is the process that aims to define the stages of career development as well as potential challenges, measures and methods for the implementation of the individual character. Career planning is the direction in the framework of the Human Resources’ activity in an organization. It has an orientation to identify the strategy of promoting and developing the professionals who work in the company. It aims to coordinate their labor activity with the progress and maximum benefit for the company. Subjects, who engage in career planning, are the employee, the manager of personnel service or line manager (VirginiaJobs, 2015). The basis for career planning is often the scientific substantiation of criteria for a particular post, such as age, personal and professional qualities of the candidate, and regulatory lines of his tenure.
The professional development of an employee, during which he gains the necessary qualification skills and knowledge for the desirable position, is one of the main components of the career development plan. Its second principal aspect is the gradual passing of the career ladder with detailed approach. By occupying the certain positions, a person can get the necessary experience and skills for obtaining the desired job and successfully work on it. The actions of the employee or the company that carry out the plan for a career are called its development.
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Career planning aims to achieve promotion to the desired position and meet all its requirements. At the same time, an important step is to identify the main features that the position should have, to understand the criteria that guide to the final goal. The main parameters of a future career, which determine the direction of career planning, are its compliance to the self-assessment of a person. Thus, a career should bring moral satisfaction; have the optimal location of jobs; contribute to a healthy well-being; and possess developed infrastructure. Additional important parameters include good working conditions, the creative nature of the job, and the opportunity to be relatively independent within the workflow. The remuneration and additional bonuses, the opportunity for the self-improvement, and the sufficient amount of free time for the family are the key parameters for the career orientation.
Career Planning Methods
Among the many methods of the career planning, it is possible to select a few that are most frequently used. The first method is to organize the consultations with persons competent in the matter. The experts can help to choose the right approach to the career planning for the individual. The adviser may be the boss, psychologist, career consultant, or the representative of the higher educational institutions in the academic environment.
The second method is to use the materials, which the company provides for the purpose of career planning. Some companies have a practice of developing methodological materials to help their employees organize the career goals by taking into account the objectives of the organization. Thus, the workers are able to assess their abilities and qualities for compliance with the desired career goals adequately and objectively.
The Different Views about the Career Planning
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