There are numerous definitions of public administration. The term is derived from two terms: public, which is for universal being, and administration that is policies which govern organization, institutions, or a nation. Public administrators are individuals who plan and put into practice public policies. The policies are guiding principles and regulation that effect performance of an organization. There are many positions in this field, but public administrators are grouped into two main categories: organizations managers and researchers (Wang, 2005). In addition, this field is under management, which is associated with scholars such as Max Weber, Henri Fayol, and Fredric Taylor.
Organization managers perform oversight duties for nonprofit making organization and government agencies. Their main objectives are to make sure that organizations are sailing in the right direction and working in the most efficient manner. In addition, they act as intermediaries in creating and reviewing of organization budget and in hiring contracts. Public administrators, as researchers, collect, analyses, and synthesize information to design appropriate public policies. Since they work for the public, they may research on new order that may affect certain communities based on scientific analysis. They may specialize in such fields as criminal or environmental policy. Researchers may work on various positions such as academics, private sectors, or nonprofit making organizations (Wang, 2005).
According to Max Weber, pubic administrators should be restricted to policies formulation only. It is wasting of resources and limiting abilities of public administrators. In addition, this will create a loophole in the follow up evaluation. For an object or a policy to be effective, the creator should do the follow up to know where improvement and review should be made. For instance, if state curriculum developers do not follow up its formulation, the curriculum may have some shortcomings on its piloting and implementation.
However, there are some advantages as public administrators are restricted to laying down rules only. There will be specialization and effectiveness in the formulation process (Doug, 2005). For example, if legislatures are restricted to making laws only, they would have ample time, and they would be effective in discharging their duties.
The other advantage is employing other people. For instance, if legislatures who serve at any capacity in a public office make policies, there must be other individuals in the field to monitor the progress and implementation of the policy. These are other two description created concerning public administrators restricted to policy formulation only.
If you consider public administrators to discharge other duties, it will make service delivery more efficient. For one to understand, if a curriculum has met the desired objectives, its formulators need to do a follow up analysis. The formulators making the curriculum effective will easily observe any mistakes in the curriculum.
In addition, there are many resources required if duties are delegated to many people (Wang, 2005). To cut off the work force resources required, the number of individuals working on a particular project has to be minimal. Restricting policy makers to formulation duties only is. Therefore. uneconomical since it burns many resources in delegating duties to other quotas.
Despite the advantages of public administrators, performing other duties apart from formulation has its shortcomings. For instance, transparency would be questionable. If Individuals work for the whole process from policy formulation, piloting, and implementation, there likely are some problems of integrity that would arise. People serving their personal interest in public capacities is not a new phenomenal.
Moreover, working on a number of duties becomes more tiresome. Therefore, if public administrators discharge other duties apart from policy formulation, they would be overworked. It will decrease the value of their performance.
Max Weber is a known economist and a sociologist; therefore, he respected the basics of a society (Doug, 2005). However, for an effective functioning of the public administration a follow up analysis and evaluation of a project is vital. In addition, in both situations, there are both positive and negative consequences.