George Orwell was born on June 25th, 1903 and was named Eric Arthur Blair. He was born in the Indian town of Motihari. He was born to a middle class family whose livelihood relied upon the empire. George’s family relocated to England in the year 1907. It was in England that he attended preparatory school in Sussex at the age of thirteen. He managed to win a scholarship to attend Wellington and later another scholarship to attend Eton. He attended Eton. However, due to the immense pressure put on him at preparatory school, George lost all interest in intellectual pursuits and chose to focus on only what interested him the most, writing. As a result, he ended up performing dismally at Eton and was not able to secure himself a university scholarship. He exerted his efforts towards studying the works of well renowned British writers such as Lawrence Stern, Jonathan Swift and Jack London (Brunsdale and Mitzi, 2000).
After ending up the bottom in his Eton class, George enrolled into the Indian Imperial Police. He had to relocate back to India, where he served from Burma. He served in the police for a period of five years before resigning in 1927 to focus more on writing. He was of the opinion that serving in the police force made him support policies he did not support. He, therefore, chose to go back to London at the age of 24. It is at this time that he decided to write the book, “A Scullion’s Diary,” in 1929. This book gave a clear description of the time he spent in London and Paris. The book’s title was later changed and titled, “Down and Out in Paris and London,” in 1933. It was at then that he chose to use his pen name of George Orwell. The main purpose of this was for him to erase memories of his days at Eton and restart his life again. This would also raise his social status and set him in a higher social class than he was before. The book, “Down and out in Paris and London” also served as the stepping stone for George Orwell’s ambition of writing for the purpose of enlightenment. He sought to enlighten people and make them aware of the painful truths that existed in the current society. He positioned himself as the moral conscience arbiter of the people. In his subsequent book, “The Road to Wigan Pier,” written in 1937, George vividly describes the life of the miners of Northern England. He became vocal and highly critic of the philosophies of English socialists. He criticized them of using terms such as “proletarian solidarity,” to suggest their support for those in the working class. However, they did not live up to such statements. As a recollection of his time at the Indian Imperial Police, George wrote the book, “Burmese Days,” in the year 1934 (Shelden, 1991).
George travelled to Spain soon after he finished writing “The Road to Wigan Pier.” His main objective for the journey to Spain was to participate in the Spanish Civil War in support of the Loyalists. He was astonished to find out that class distinctions did not exist; however, he received a throat wound. In the year 1938, Orwell penned, “Homage to Catalonia,” in commemoration of the time he spent in Spain.
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He contracted Tuberculosis in 1938 and, therefore, was unfit to participate in the war between Germany and England that began in 1939. He, therefore, joined the BBC in 1941 as a talk producer in the company’s Indian division. In 1943, George Orwell left the BBC and wrote the book, “Animal Farm”. The book is presented as a modern fable that heavily criticizes the communist regime of Russia under Stalin (Shelden, 1991). In the year 1949, he wrote a book titled, “1984” that touched on fascist issues of the time. The book clearly depicts George Orwell’s fear that mankind was gradually turning into a state of excessive bureaucratization. It also highlights the pain and suffering he underwent as he continued to fight TB. He succumbed to the disease and died in London, England on 21st, January, 1950.