The Chinese revolution came about with the crumple of the Manchu dynasty, a result of rising internal disorders, demands from foreign governments, plus the limitation of the central government. A nationalist rebellion in 1911-1912 led to the temporary republican constitution. More so, this constitution was proclaimed, and established a new regime in Beijing, which was led by Yuan Shihai.
Since that times, China has evolved over years to become among the first world economies in the 21st century. Currently, they are almost taking the lead over the United States in the economic ranking of all the developed countries. Initially, Beijing advocated for China’s withdrawal from the western culture, as well as dependence. This has led to the massive discovery of new technologies and export of their ideas and culture all over the world.
As a result of war status that prevailed in China, the economy deflate; hence, they rugged behind in development. More so, Beijing had no certain status in the international order. As a result, the country had to come up with several strategies to overcome the turmoil. They decided to hold power nationally so as to achieve international recognition. This became the first crucial step to gaining the sovereignty in China. The other steps that China took were emphasizing on the unification of all the people and stopping the civil war in China. In addition, China was determined to become a modernized country since the 20th Century; hence, the regime ensured that this agenda was imposed on the people to make it a dominant nation.
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The measures that were emphasized concerned social and economic transformation. This was coupled with Marxism and Leninism models of development. The model, in turn, gave a common support among the citizens and raised the national spirit (Schaller, 2002). Later, China had to test whether all the initiated development plans would work with that leadership model of the country. Bad politics would ruin China’s development plan, a reason that made the country cautious about the leaders, as well as their manifestos. China became united at the Mao’s time, their leader, who signed the treaty with Stalin in 1950. The Sino-Soviet Treaty of the 1950s ensured mutual defense against the attacks from the side of Japan or any other country that allied with Japan. The treaty also ensured that China was associated with the China Soviet bloc, a place where they could discuss their issues that affected the nations.
The treaty with Soviet gave Chinese citizens an access to industrial loans and assistance from the Soviet technical advisers. The treaty with Soviet brought about the constitution that guided the people of China. The constitution of China was formed in a result of this treaty with Stalin. This constitution has been guiding the people of China since that time. More so, the communists gained good reputation across North and Northeast China. The nationalists kept a larger population and territory compared to their adversaries and benefited from significant world sustenance plus direct assistance from the United States of America.
In the World War II, communists and nationalists united against fascist forces, which comprised Japanese troops and few Chinese who supported them. During this time, many nationalist troops were killed or got serious injuries while communists incured nominal losses. As the civil war persisted, eventual Communist conquest seemed possible in China. Although the Communists did not conquer any main cities after the World War II, they had sturdy grassroots sustenance, greater military forces, and morale.
Early in 1947, the ROC regime was already considering the island province of Taiwan, which was off the coast of Fujian Province, as an apparent point of retreat. While officials in the Truman government were not persuaded in the tactical significance of the United States in upholding relations with Nationalists of China, several individuals in the US regime never sought to be charged in aiding the “loss” of China to communism (Schaller, 2002). Military along with financial aid to the struggling Nationalists persisted, though not at the level that the Chinese leaders wanted. In 1949, after a military triumph, Mao Zedong declared the institution of the PRC; Chiang and his armed forces fled to Taiwan to recuperate and prepare to retake the mainland.
Approximately for twenty years after the Chinese revolution of 1949, the USA sustained the Republic of China, located on Taiwan, as China’s true government. They also lobbied for the Chinese seat in the United Nations Organization. In the untimely 1980s, the Chinese Republic was officially recognized as mistaken and a gang of four leaders was judged on trial.
Projection of Beijing’s overall foreign policy and approach to the international community
The last two years have led to an exodus from the policy of assurance, which China espoused in the late 1990s. China was able to damage links with most of its neighbors, as well as the United States of America. Mistrust to Beijing in Washington is flagrant. Witnesses declare that China has become more confident, modifying its impressive strategy to mirror its own growth. This has been happening since the economic recession of the United States after the economic crisis in 2008. Consequently, China’s strategies towards its neighbors and the United States are hasty and out of time. Beijing’s new defiant position is entrenched in an inflated sense of China’s rise in the global power along with the solemn politics. As a result, Chinese policymakers are oversensitive to autonomist censure at home and are more rigid. Sometimes, the policy makers are arrogant in their rejoinders to professed challenges from the overseas.
Despite the vector of a more powerful China of driving a new grand international strategy, Beijing still reacts coarsely on undesirable and unanticipated events. In several ways, China’s foreign strategy was more imaginative and practical for the last several years. Between 2006 and 2008, China implemented productive and self-confident policies toward North Korea, Sudan, and Somali. These policies were unique in the history of foreign relations of China. The United States and its political partners should endorse the turn of such an aggressive China, without which Washington faces massive intricacy in dealing with lobal challenges. The global challenges comprise the nuclear proliferation, climate change, as well as global economic instability.
China’s technological revolution by 2050 will include the use of green energy, sustainable growth, and space science, as well as satellite developments. China’s modernization, synthetic intelligence, and nanotechnology are also considered as goals of the future.
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China also builds a basis, which wich will assist the nation to become the world super power. Chinese elites suppose that in order to preserve international competitiveness, China must categorize their strategies in some critical areas. Consequently, the Chinese authorities came to comprehension that the progression from the scientific breakthrough typically requires twenty or even thirty years.
China also has an aspiring young generation that works tirelessly to guarantee the nation has a constant prospect. The government of China emphasizes the recognition of the country as a leading state in the modern world. This is evident in the way China has managed to spread in all spheres of the world activities. Most of the technologies and innovative ideas have been borrowed from China. The recently sovereign nation that surfaced in the 1950s and 1960s turned out to be an imperative aspect in strengthening the stability of the United Nations power. China is among the member states of the United Nations as an independent nation that joined the organization. The cities in China have also advanced in the 21st century (Schaller, 2002). Most scenes in Chinese cities attract tourists, and many ofthem prompt to export the designs to their own countries. Also, several countries are currently hiring Chinese experts in the technological fields, as well as construction of outstanding structures. This is because the Chinese have all required one would use for the growth and development of a modern state. Therefore, China’s future seems so bright with an inclination to the stable development.
In conclusion, China has significantly evolved over years and has made an enormous impact in their nation, as well as other nations. The consequences of the revolution are successful due to the strong leadership they have experienced. The Chinese government came to a point of emphasizing on good leadership since it was the only way the country could develop. This was after the country suffered several years of economic as well as political turmoil. China is currently spending $500 billion per annum on infrastructure, which is nine percent of its Gross Domestic Product. This is higher than the rates in the United States and Europe.